CPR/AED Training and Certification


Every 5 years CPR guidelines are reviewed and revised. This simple guide will show you the major changes to the most recent 2010 guidelines.

Key Changes:

  • NEW : Steps have been changed from Airway/Breathing/Compressions (ABC) to Compressions/Airway/Breathing (CAB)
  • NEW: Look, Listen, and Feel has been eliminated
  • NEW: If a participant is unconscious but gasping for breath begin CPR immediately (Old guidelines stated to begin rescue breathing with no compressions)
  • NEW: Chest compressions are done at a rate of at least 100 per minute (Old guidelines had compressions to be done at approximately 100 per minute)
  • NEW: Adult chest compressions are done at a depth of at least 2” (Old guidelines: 1 ½ to 2” in-depth)
  • NEW: Child/Infant chest compressions are to be at least 1/3 the depth of the victim’s chest (Old guidelines 1/3 to ½ the depth of the victim’s chest)
  • NEW: Untrained individuals should perform compression only CPR
NEW Adult CPR Steps
  • Check the scene. Always make sure the scene is safe before proceeding
  • Check for consciousness. Tap the victim on the shoulder and shout “are you okay?”
  • Call 9-1-1 or get a bystander to call
  • Begin CPR with the C-A-B Method (old technique was A-B-C method)
  • Compressions:
  • Immediately begin 30 chest compressions at a rate of at least 100 per minute Old guidelines stated at a rate of 100 per minute. New guidelines want at least 100 per minute.
    New Compression depth is at least 2” in depth. Old guidelines were 1 ½ to 2” in depth
  • Airway:
  • After completing 30 chest compressions use the head-tilt chin-lift method to open the airway.
  • Breathing:
  • Pinch the nose and deliver 2 rescue breaths that make the chest visibly rise.
    Repeat 30 compressions: 2 breaths until an AED or paramedics arrive.
  • Defibrillation:
  • Immediately use an AED as soon as one becomes available. Untrained rescuers should immediately begin chest compressions (compression only CPR) until help arrives.
Untrained rescuers should immediately begin chest compressions (compression only CPR) until help arrives.